These observations should help us understand the whole unit:
1) The main events of the unit: The establishment of the monarchy in Israel, the rise of David to be king over all Israel, Yahweh’s covenant with David, the construction of the temple by his son, Solomon
2) Yahweh’s attributes that stand out: Yahweh’s zeal for His anointed one; His mercy
3) Yahweh’s main work: Yahweh establishes His anointed one on His holy mount, in Jerusalem
4) The main participants: The prophet Samuel and kings Saul, David and
5) The main reference to Jesus Christ and the gospel: “I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever”(2 Samuel 7:13).
6) Key observations: Notice that the kings are anointed to show that, just like the objects in the tabernacle, they are set apart to be instruments exclusively for Yahweh. The word for “anointed” in Hebrew is “messiah” and in Greek, “Christ”. The anointed king David will be an ancestor and forerunner of Jesus Christ in the New Testament.
The narratives of this unit are impressive, and sometimes one reads them and forgets the most important Person in the story is Yahweh. If we remember that He always is the center of Biblical narrative, it will help us evaluate some readings in which it is difficult to find a modern application or determine if someone acted properly.
With this in mind, we begin today by reading the book of Ruth.