Today’s reading contrasts those two elements. Shortly after Hannah praises Yahweh and prophecies, “The LORD will judge the ends of the earth. He will give strength to his king and exalt the power of his anointed” (1 Samuel 2:10), the reading identifies some of the powerful who will be humbled: the corrupt priestly house of Eli. In contrast with Hannah’s rejoicing in 1 Samuel 2:1-10, Yahweh’s judgment thunders through His word sent through the anonymous prophet in 1 Samuel 2:27-36.
The news is clear. Yahweh’s devastating holiness will not tolerate sin like Eli tolerates it, reproving his sons by his word but without punishment, without banning them from their priestly responsibilities. And in evidence of Yahweh’s power and sovereignty, He is raising up an important part of the coming salvation right in the midst of the tabernacle that they have corrupted.